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AVHRR Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) Composites


   Browse image for an AVHRR composite for
   September 17-30, 2013


   Derived NDVI band for September 17-30, 2013

Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) Composites are produced from multiple Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) daily observations that have been composited together to create a nearly cloud-free image showing maximum greenness. An NDVI ratio is produced from bands one and two of the AVHRR composite to produce a derived NDVI band composite.

The following NDVI products are available:

Conterminous U.S. and Alaska Weekly and biweekly NDVI composites date from January 1989 to present. U.S. composites are cast to the Lambert Azimuthal Equal-Area projection. Alaska composites are cast to the Albers Equal-Area Conic projection. The data will include a composite for each of the acquired AVHRR bands, as well as a derived NDVI band. The files are available in binary (8-bit) format.

Global 10-day composites consist of 10-day composited AVHRR data and a derived NDVI band for limited dates between April 1992 and May 1996. The data is cast to the Interrupted Goode's Homolosine projection. Subsampled resolution and geographic subsets are also available.

Raw (Level 1b) data consists of a single scene that was collected by a single AVHRR satellite on a specific date and time. The approximate scene size is 2400 x 6400 kilometers (1491 x 4000 miles). Public distribution is via the NOAA Satellite Active Archive.

Coverage Maps

Coverage Maps indicating the availability of AVHRR NDVI Composites are available for download.

Additional Information:

Data Use and Citation Policies

For information on how to cite USGS data plus guidance on usage restrictions,
please see our Data Citations and Use page at

Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and
does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

Contact Information for User Assistance

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center
47914 252nd Street
Sioux Falls, SD 57198-0001

Phone Number: 605-594-6151
Toll Free: 800-252-4547
Fax: 605-594-6589


Business Hours: Monday thru Friday, 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m., Central Time