Long Term Archive
Landsat MSS Image (Los Angeles, CA)
NOTE: 2017 Collection Management Implementation Plans
In 2016, USGS started making changes to manage the Landsat archive as a tiered Collection of Landsat data. A Collection will provide a stable environmental record, and the tiered structure clearly identifies the subset of the Landsat archive that meets radiometric and geometric criteria suitable for time series analysis and the creation of data stacks/cubes, while continuing to provide access to the entire Landsat archive. A number of changes are being made to support this effort, including incorporating new Landsat product identifiers and placing the scenes into a tier structure. More details about the Landsat Collection plans can be found on http://landsat.usgs.gov/landsat-collections.
The Landsat Multispectral Scanner (MSS) sensor was onboard Landsats 1 through 5 and acquired images of the Earth nearly continuously from July 1972 to October 1992. In June 2012, the MSS sensor was powered back on to see if imagery could be acquired. The MSS sensor collected data until January 2013. See the Landsat MSS Processing web page for more for details.
All Landsat 1-5 MSS products are processed through the Level 1 Product Generation System (LPGS) with the following parameters applied.
|Product Type||L1T Terrain Corrected*|
|Pixel Size||60m Reflective bands 4-7 (Landsat 1-3) and Bands 1-4 (Landsat 4-5)|
|Resampling method||cubic convolution (CC)|
|Map Projection||UTM – WGS 84
Polar Stereographic for the continent of Antarctica.
|Image Orientation||Map (North Up)|
|Distribution||FTP Download Only|
|Delivery Time||Immediate for scenes already processed and ready for download.
Landsat MSS scenes take 3 days to 1 week to process.
* While most Landsat scenes are processed with the Standard Terrain Correction (Level 1T), some scenes do not have the ground-control or elevation data necessary to perform these corrections. In these cases, the best level of correction is applied. (See Landsat Processing Details for details on correction levels.)
Specific Level 1T scenes are available for most of the globe under the Global Land Surveys (GLS) collections of 1975, 1990, 2000, 2005, and 2010. These datasets can be found on EarthExplorer or the USGS Global Visualization Viewer.
Landsat 1 - 5 MSS scenes held in the USGS archive can be searched using EarthExplorer, the USGS Global Visualization Viewer (GloVis), or the LandsatLook Viewer. (Only scenes with browse capability can be searched and downloaded from GloVis.)
Some Landsat 1 - 5 MSS scenes outside the United States were collected and archived at International Ground Stations. The Landsat Global Archive Consolidation (LGAC) effort is underway to bring this data back to the USGS archive.
Data is delivered from the USGS only in digital format, with the parameters noted above. There are several commercial firms that may provide data in different formats, or printed images from USGS digital data.
For information on how to cite USGS data plus guidance on usage restrictions,
please see our Data Citations and Use page at https://lta.cr.usgs.gov/citation.
Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and
does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
Long Term Archive User Services
U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center
47914 252nd Street
Sioux Falls, SD 57198-0001
Phone Number: 605-594-6151
Toll Free: 800-252-4547
Business Hours: Monday thru Friday, 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m., Central Time