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Landsat Level-2 Surface Temperature (ST) Science Product

 Landsat Surface Temperature (ST) image of area
 Northeast of Yuma, AZ derived from Landsat 7 ARD
 Tile H005V013, August 16, 2000.

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) offers Landsat Level- 2 Surface Temperature (ST) data for Landsat 4-5 Thematic Mapper (TM), Landsat 7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+), and Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager (OLI).  Landsat Surface Temperature contains nine acquisition-based raster data products that represent the temperature of the Earth’s land surface in Kelvin, as well as quality assessment information.

The Landsat Level-2 Surface Temperature (ST) products are included in the U.S. Landsat Analysis Ready Data (ARD) tile-based product bundle. These data are processed to the highest scientific standards and can be used directly in monitoring and accessing landscape changes.

The Surface Temperature (ST) product is generated from U.S. Landsat ARD Top of Atmosphere (TOA) Reflectance and Top of Atmosphere (TOA) Brightness Temperature (BT), Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) Global Emissivity Database (GED) data, and ASTER Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) data.

The following date ranges apply to the availability of the Landsat Surface Temperature (ST) sciience product.

  • Landsat 8 OLI: April 2013 to present
  • Landsat 7 ETM+: July 1999 to present
  • Landsat 5 TM: March 1984 to May 2012
  • Landsat 4 TM: December 1982 to December 1993

Most Landsat Collection 1 Level-1 scenes are able to be processed to generate a Surface Temperature (ST) product. In addition to the caveats listed on the Landsat ARD page, please note the following:

  • The Surface Temperature (ST) product will occasionally include missing data, particularly over both inland and coastal waters, due to missing data in the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) Global Emissivity Database (GED).
  • The Surface Temperature product is geographically limited within the boundary of the North American Regional Reanalysis (NARR) grid (see the Surface Temperature (ST) Product Guide), which is the climate data set used in the atmospheric correction algorithm.


Additional Information

Landsat Surface Temperature (ST) web page:
Landsat Surface Temperature (ST) Product Guide:
Landsat Surface Temperature (ST) Digita Object Identification (DOI) number:

Data Use and Citation Policies

For information on how to cite USGS data plus guidance on usage restrictions,
please see our Data Citations and Use page at

Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and
does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

Contact Information for User Assistance

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center
47914 252nd Street
Sioux Falls, SD 57198-0001

Phone Number: 605-594-6151
Toll Free: 800-252-4547
Fax: 605-594-6589


Business Hours: Monday thru Friday, 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m., Central Time